The Piano Roll Editor is the main workspace for composing and editing melodies and harmonies. It can be accessed through either the right-click context menu on or double-clicking on:
a segment in an instrument track, e.g.
a step in a track in the Beat+Bassline Editor
It can also be accessed using the Show/Hide Piano-Roll buttonin the main toolbar (shortcut F7, or Ctrl+3 in 1.3).
Many of the tools are similar to those found in the Song Editor, with several important additions listed (listed below).
In addition to the Playback and Stop controls, there are two Record buttons which will record the notes you play on either:
an attached MIDI keyboard
your computer's keyboard
Either Clickto start recording without playing Song Editor/B&B tracks, or Clickto start recording with Song Editor/B&B tracks playing. Press to stop playback or recording. The computer keyboard's spacebar can toggle between Playback and Stop in both playback and record modes. As of 1.3, allows you to record notes one at a time. After you press stop, you will be able to see all the notes you played in the Piano Roll. These notes can be edited just like any other notes.
Selected notes can be manipulated together. Some keyboard shortcuts include:
Moving the selection (left click + drag)
Copying the selection (Shift+left click + drag)
Transposing the selection (Shift/Ctrl + arrow keys). Shift will move the selection one beat/semitone at a time, while Ctrl will move the selection one octave/measure at a time.
The 4 editing modes (tools) are Draw, Erase, Select, and Detune. You can draw notes with Left click and erase with Right click. (These are explained in further detail in the Edit Notes subsection of this Section).
The Select mode tool allows you to select individual notes to create a group or "selection" of notes, which you can manipulate.
Rectangular Selection: use the Select tool to drag a rectangular area around some notes. When you release the mouse button, the selected notes will turn blue.
Individual Selection: use the Select tool to left-click on a note - it will turn blue
Add to (or remove from) Selection: you can add more notes to the current selection by holding down the Shift key (Shift+drag or Shift+click) and the additional notes will turn blue, too. If the notes are already selected, it will remove them from the selection.
Clear Selection: left-click on an empty space in the Piano Roll
The Detune mode allows you to edit the frequency profile of an individual note. When you click on a note, an Automation Editor window opens for that note, and from here you can use your mouse to plot points for a Detune profile graph, this profile will be used to alter the final pitch of the edited note when played. Notice that in Piano roll, edited notes will have green lines that reveal their Detune profile.
The Clipboard buttons allow you to cut, copy, and paste a selection, and the Delete key on the computer keyboard will delete the selected notes.
Click the Copy button (Ctrl+c) to copy the selected note(s) and place them in the clipboard. Shift+drag on the selected note(s) to duplicate - drag a copy of the selected note(s) away from the original(s).
These work the same as the playback controls in the Song Editor. To repatriate loops:
Set right loop-point: use right mouse button only
Set left loop-point: use right mouse button + Shift
(1.3 and later) Set both right/left loop-points: use right mouse button near desired loop-point
Hold Ctrl to place loop-points freely.
This works the same as in the Song Editor. The drop-down menu can be used to set horizontal zoom.
As of 1.3, vertical zooming is now avaliable in the Song editor.
The Quantization can be set using drop-down menu, this allows you to set the minimum resolution for manipulating note length using that fraction of a bar, when using both Draw mode and Record. For example, if you set the Quantization to 1/1 , you'll only be able to place notes at the start of a whole bar, and you'll only be able to adjust their length in 1-bar increments. If you set the Quantization to 1/16, you'll only be able to place notes at 1/16 intervals, and you'll only be able to adjust their length in 1/16 intervals. So on and so forth. snaps notes to the nearest division (set by Quantization) in the Piano Roll.
As of 1.3, Tools are new avaliable in a dropdown menu next to .
Glue (Shift+G): combines two notes if they are right next to each other and on the same pitch.
Use the Draw mode tool to place notes in the Piano Roll. As you hover your mouse or move a note in the work area, a gray horizontal line will track the vertical position of your mouse. This can help you see the pitch of the note you're placing by allowing you to track back to the Piano Keys.
Left-click to place a note, or if a chord is selected:
Place the notes of the chord with current note as the root note
Shift+left-click to place notes in arpeggio mode (this will only duplicate notes onto themselves if no chord is selected)
Hover over the center of a note until a four headed arrow appears then:
Drag to move the note(s) either left/right in time or up/down in pitch. The note(s) will snap to the nearest time increment as set in the Quantization drop-down menu.
Alt+drag to move the note(s) either left/right in time or up/down in pitch, but without snapping to the nearest time increment. Instead, the note(s) will "free-drag" and snap to the nearest 1/192 time increment (max Quantization in LMMS).
Hover over the right end of the note until a two headed arrow appears, then
Drag the end of a note to the left/right to change the length of the note(s) in accordance to the current selected quantization.
Alt+drag the end of a note to the left/right to change the length of the note(s). The right end of the note(s) will "free-drag" and snap to the nearest 1/192 time increment, i.e. max Quantization
There are 3 ways to erase notes:
Use the Erase mode tool to delete notes: (both left and right-click)
Right-click to delete notes in Draw mode
To delete multiple notes, use the Select mode tool (or Ctrl+click and drag) and press delete
The Default note length setting (in bars) can be set using a drop-down menu. This sets the default length of notes made when you click in the Piano Roll with the Draw mode tool. You can choose either between a specified note length, or that the next note will be the same length as the last drawn note. As soon as you have established a perfect note-length and position, you will normally like to use the setting "last note".
Click the Note Volume/Note Panning button below the piano keys to toggle between the Note Volume and Note Panning editor. Velocity is shown as a vertical green bar below the note in the Note Volume editor. You can change the velocity of each note by clicking on the desired value above/below the current value. The color of the note will brighten with increased velocity and dim with decreased velocity.
Pan is the ratio of the note volume that is transmitted out the right stereo channel versus the left stereo channel. Pan is shown as a vertical green bar below the note in the Note Pan editor. You can set the Pan for each note by clicking on the desired value above/below the current value. The color of the note will darken on one side depending on the strength/direction of the Pan (Right: Bottom will darken, Left: Top will darken).
You can vertically scroll the Piano Roll using either the scroll bar on the right side of the window or the scroll wheel on your mouse (Holding Ctrl allows you to scroll horizontally). Left-click on any piano key (or or press a key on a connected midi controller) to hear the corresponding note. You will also hear any noteblock that is Left-Clicked from within the Piano Roll.
You can mark all whole notes with their appropriate alphabetic notation (This option is found in the General Settings page as "Enable note labels in Piano roll").
You can also mark individual notes, chords and scales. All these options are available as items in a context menu, by right-clicking anywhere on the Piano Keys. The piano key you open the context menu impacts what notes are affected by its options.
From this context menu you are able to:
mark scales, chords, corresponding octave semitones, and semitones.
unmark corresponding octave semitones and semitones, or unmark all notes.
select all corresponding octave semitones.